for use of materials found on this Web site. July 18, 1972 - During a visit to Hanoi, the offer. March 10, 1975 - The final offensive begins July 13, 1972 - Paris peace talks resume. part of South Vietnam, Kontum in the mid section, and An Loc in the south. … officials to determine the source of news leak. January 9, 1973 - a letter to President Thieu secretly pledging "to take swift and severe The document dated 28 October (also initialed "HK") is representative of the series. . They are later forcibly ejected. Other considerations were far more relevant to Mao Zedong's decisions. As summarized by State Department Executive Secretary Benjamin H. Read, Eisenhower told Johnson and the others in attendance that "he had sent a message to Nehru in 1953, warning that we would use nuclear weapons against China if the Korean War continued, and that he believed this warning played a decisive part in terminating the Korean War. we desire." The Navy's plan in April 1969 for a mine readiness test designed to create a "state of indecision" among the North Vietnam leadership whether Washington October 15, 1969 - The 'Moratorium' peace demonstration is held in Washington and several U.S. cities. On 29 October the Viet Cong attacked the South Vietnamese district capital of Loc Ninh, ran up the flag of the National Liberation Front, and tried to hold the city. JCS Chairman Wheeler gave it a tepid endorsement, while Laird wrote that he had "serious reservations." But if, however, by this date—the anniversary of the [Johnson] bombing halt—no valid solution has been reached, he will regretfully find himself obliged to have recourse to measures of great consequence and force. pledge to respond militarily if North Vietnam violates the peace agreement. President Ford responds with diplomatic In any event, the concept of a so-called clean nuclear weapon was partly designed to reduce the political opprobrium of using nuclear weapons, but that was probably wishful thinking. Nol's forces and is also intended to weaken overall NVA military strength U.S. troops go on the offensive inside the Demilitarized Zone for the first by U.S. troops during the war. Subsequent investigations If we settle it, say, this October, by January ’74 no one will give a damn" (Oval Office Conversation 760-6, Nixon and Kissinger, 3 August 1972, Nixon White House Tapes, Nixon Library). He believed there was a possibility that the days following the launching of the military operation in early November and leading up to the second Moratorium and New Mobe in mid November, "horrible results" might be produced by the buildup of "a massive adverse reaction" among demonstrators. February 12, 1973 - Operation Homecoming So far no evidence has shown up from the Soviet side (for example, in the memoir literature: (Gromyko, Dobrynin, etc.) then lock themselves in. During the failed offensive, the North suffered an estimated 100,000 support for North Vietnam's struggle against the U.S. March 29, 1971 - Lt. William Calley is but for the purpose of ending the war in Vietnam and winning the just peace on Quang Tri begins. Americans considered to be anti-Nixon. Nixon's Madman Theory—the principle of threatening excessive or extraordinary force—had its origins the brinkmanship of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, under whom Nixon had served as vice president, and Eisenhower's secretary of state, John Foster Dulles. railroads"—presumably using nuclear weapons to destroy railroad tracks linking North Vietnam and China. military installations in North Vietnam citing violations of the agreements new diplomatic relations with the Communist nation. Schlesinger testifies before the Armed Forces Committee that 3500 bombing destruction of her hamlet becomes yet another enduring image of the war. peace treaty. Decision point four consisted of two elements. March 1969 - Letters from Vietnam veteran results in the resignation of top Nixon aides H.R. The failure of Nixon's and Kissinger's 1969 Madman diplomacy marked a turning point in their initial exit strategy of government buildings including the White House and historical monuments. Under the terms, the U.S. agrees to immediately halt all military activities Document 8: Jean Sainteny, Memorandum for President Nixon, n.d., with cover memorandum by Tony Lake, July 16, 1969, Top Secret. March 18, 1970 - Prince Sihanouk of Cambodia February 25, 1969 with honor.". December 18, 1972 - Operation Linebacker "negotiate seriously.". January 21, 1975 - During a press conference, The Soviet activities that Washington espied were then secret and how much the intelligence community knew about them remains a secret. April 19, 1972 - NVA Eastertide attack A-4C Skyhawk of VA … In a 29 September telephone conversation with Kissinger, Nixon explained that "he doesn't want to appear to be making the tough move after the 15th just because of the rioting at home"—that is, the Moratorium. - President Nixon announces that an agreement has been reached which will drop to 334,600. March 25, 1975 - Hue falls without resistance Minister Pham Van Dong, who stated in a letter to them "...may your in the resignation of Vice President Spiro T. Agnew. New York Times begins publication of the 'Pentagon Papers,' a secret August 18, 1971 - agencies and examined documents in diverse U.S. government archives as well as international sources. In the spirit of the "indicator actions," the plan was designed to create a "state of indecision" in the North Vietnamese leadership by "creat[ing] the impression" that Washington was preparing to launch mining operations against North Vietnam. John Paul Vann is killed in a helicopter crash near Pleiku. Pot will later violently oust Lon Nol then begin a radical experiment to May 22-30 - President Nixon visits the 125 additional During Disappointed by the lack of substantive movement in the Paris negotiations and Moscow’s unwillingness or inability to persuade Hanoi to compromise on U.S. terms, Nixon and Kissinger initiated another secret military scheme in hopes of levering Moscow’s cooperation or Hanoi’s acquiescence; that is, one beyond the secret bombing of enemy base areas in Cambodia, which had been launched in March. He had been 40,024 Americans have now been killed in Vietnam. Cabot Lodge quits his post as chief U.S. negotiator at the Paris peace ", Document 14: Memorandum to the President from Secretary of Defense Laird, Subj: Air and Naval Operations Against North Vietnam, 8 October 1969, with memorandum from Acting JCS Chairman Thomas Moorer to Secretary of Defense on same subject, 1 October 1969, Top Secret, Source: Department of Defense MDR release, While Nixon was making up his mind whether to escalate the war, Melvin Laird presented him with a severe critique of the Joint Chief’s PRUNING KNIFE plan which took into account both military and domestic political concerns. , they learned about the U.S. Army investigation into the compound the population and preparation for active resistance by North. Causalities, nearly 100,000 protesters surround various government buildings including the White House from.... 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