The cynicism and alienation of the first flowering of Modernist literature could not persist. True, the influence of Modernist literature continues to be quite astonishing. Modernism believed in learning from the experiences of the past. The exceptions to this disdain were the French Symbolist poets like Charles Beaudelaire, and the work of Irishman Gerard Manley Hopkins. At the same time, the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud had come into mainstream acceptance. Women, minorities, and the poor were marginalized to the point of utter silence and inconsequence. Modernism is a movement in literature that took place during late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in North America and Europe. This new technology provided the opportunity for mass production, and the machine itself became a theme in modernism. What had so recently been inconceivable was steadily becoming a reality. The academic world became something of a refuge for disaffected artists, as they could rub elbows with fellow disenfranchised intellectuals. Intellectuals and artists at the turn of the twentieth century believed the previous generation’s way of doing things was a cultural dead end. The Imagists, among them Ezra Pound, sought to boil language down to its absolute essence. Some would argue that class has become a euphemism for race, but that’s another discussion. Modernism covered many creative disciplines from design and art to influencing architecture, music and literature. Modernism was a literary movement that lasted approximately from 1914-1950. One of the main differences between modernism and the movements that preceded is modernism’s rejection of ornamentation. Modernism was set in motion, in one sense, through a series of cultural shocks. In the later years of the Modernist period, a form of populism returned to the literary mainstream, as regionalism and identity politics became significant influences on the purpose and direction of artistic endeavor. In broad terms, the period was marked by sudden and unexpected breaks with traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world. The Lost Generation, like other “High Modernists,” gave up on the idea that anything was truly knowable. Experimentation and individualism became virtues, where in the past they were often heartily discouraged. Join Literary modernists celebrated the collapse of conventional forms. In general, literary modernism was marked by a number of features: (1) the affirmation of a continuity, rather than a separation, between the worlds of subject and object, the self and the world. James Joyce’s Ulysses is the prime example of a novel whose events are really the happenings of the mind, the goal of which is to translate as well as possible the strange pathways of human consciousness. These works include paintings, sculpture, architecture, and poetry. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. The Modern novelists changed the way many people perceive truth and reality. It is generally considered a way of thinking or a worldview than a movement or a style. To achieve that effect required minimalist language, a lessening of structural rules and a kind of directness that Victorian and Romantic poetry seriously lacked. During that period, much importance was given to literary works. Gone also were the preoccupations with beauty and nature. By the advent of the twentieth century, the western society has been transformed by all the new discoveries, inventions and technological innovations such as the automobile, radio, incandescent light bulb, aeroplane and X-rays. Shakespeare wrote over 150 sonnets! & additional features for teachers. These changes are indeed profound, and cannot easily be replaced by new schemas. The twentieth century witnessed the beginnings of a new paradigm between first the sexes, and later between different cultural groups. This article is copyrighted © 2011 by Jalic Inc. Do not reprint it without permission. Perhaps the most representative example of this experimental mode is T. S. Eliot’s long poem The Waste Land. 1,238,602, Quizzes: 344, Literature Network » Literary Periods » Modernism. Hopkins, for his part, brought a fresh way to look at rhythm and word usage. It is generally considered a way of thinking or a worldview than a movement or a style. Josh holds a Masters degree in English Literature from Morehead State University, and a Masters degree in Library Science from the University of Kentucky. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The movement reflected a desire for the creation of new forms of art, philosophy, and social organization which reflected the newly emerging industrial world, including features such as urbanization, new technologies, and war. The first of these great shocks was the Great War, which ravaged Europe from 1914 through 1918, known now as World War One. Modernism is an artistic movement that aimed to depart significantly from classical and traditional forms, during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Specifically, modernist writers were fascinated with how the individual adapted to the changing world. Modernism, in general, includes the activities and creations of those who felt the traditional forms of art, architecture, literature, religious faith, philosophy, social organization, and activities of daily life were becoming outdated in the new economic, social, and political environment of an emerging fully industrialized world. Though three common themes in Yeats’ poetry are love, Irish Nationalism and mysticism, but modernism is the overriding theme in his writings. Modernism And The Victorian Era 1969 Words | 8 Pages. Modernist literature sought to explode the confines of realism, and utilized strategies like stream of consciousness monologues. As literary periods go, Modernism displays a relatively strong sense of cohesion and similarity across genres and locales. Imagism was a sub-genre of Modernism concerned with creating clear imagery with sharp language. Artists of this newer generation pursued a more democratic, pluralistic mode for poetry and the novel. 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