Guelder-Rose is one of the many names of this shrub filling every garden and balcony with a wonderful flowerage. New twigs are mostly hairless, green to reddish with raised lenticels (pores), turning reddish then grayish brown. Each leaf has 3-5 lobes. Your Name: It is found in woods, scrub and hedges, especially on damp, lime-rich, soils. The bark is antispasmodic, astringent and sedative. The Guelder Rose berries can be toxic if eaten in large quantities. Guelder Rose (Viburnum opulus) Red Berries Deciduous shrub to 4m, with hairless, greyish, angled young twigs; buds with scales. The flowers are white and appear in May and June. The Guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is just one of many viburnums. The single flowers around the outside are bigger than the inside flowers. Hedgerows and woodland on damp soils. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Deciduous shrub, 10-12 ft (3-3.7 m); dense mound, upright, spreading, arching branches. It is typically found on river banks and in damp, shady deciduous woodland, often associating with Alder, Alnus glutinosa. The european variety is the national plant of Ukraine, called Kalyna. Its berries should be picked after the first frost because then they do… The edges of the leaves are toothed. As part of a hedge, as a standalone or in shrub beds, its growing and maintenance is simple. Viburnum opulus seedlings available for planting now. Guelder Rose works well as part of a mixed native hedge. In the UK the species is widely distributed but grows most commonly in the southern half of England. Get Directions. It’s commonly known as Guelder Rose, a name that originated from the Gelderland province in the Netherlands, where a cultivar of the plant – the Snowball Tree – is said to have originated. Guelder Rose, Viburnum opulus, is one of Britain's most beautiful native shrubs and it makes a great hedging plant, typically in a mixed country hedge. The guelder rose is a member of the Viburnum genus which contains 160-170 species. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Guelder Rose, 50 Marine Drive, Southport, PR8 1RY. Follow us on. May 16, 2016 - Guelder Rose (viburnum opulus): This appears to be the Guelder Rose shrub. Many parts of the plant are inedible or poisonous, especially the leaves and the bark. How these non-native species end up in an undisturbed, native habitat is beyond me. The bark of guelder rose is smooth and green-brown. Guelder Rose plants for sale. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Identification difficulty. Blackman & Eastop list 16 species of aphid as feeding on guelder rose (Viburnum opulus) worldwide, and provide formal identification keys (Show World list). Guelder rose is a shrub – growing quickly up to 2-4m tall. Broad oval deep green leaves turn red in autumn with beautiful bunches of bright red berries. Guelder Rose, Southport: See 1,350 unbiased reviews of Guelder Rose, rated 4 of 5 on Tripadvisor and ranked #49 of 313 restaurants in Southport. Guelder rose is a powerful antispasmodic and is much used in the treatment of asthma, cramps and other conditions such as colic or painful menstruation. Habitat. These hedges can be planted in isolation, or alternatively mixed with other hedge species to create a diverse, eye-pleasing, mixed country hedge all year round. Red currant is native to parts of Western Europe but is also widely cultivated, with some wild populations being formed by naturalised escapees. While Guelder-rose does escape cultivation, it does so into disturbed soils and is not known to be invasive in high-quality habitat in Minnesota. Like birds and buckthorn, I suppose. Erni/Shutterstock With more than 150 species, viburnums are one of America’s most popular flowering landscape shrubs. Guelder-rose is a spreading, much-branched deciduous shrub, up to 4 m high, with greyish, hairless stems. Name – Viburnum opulus Family – Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle family) Type – Shrub. The two apparently do hybridize, which makes it even more challenging. Despite the name, Guelder Rose is not a rose plant – it’s actually a Viburnum. There are several cultivated varieties, including the well-known Snowball Shrub (or Tree), ‘Roseum’ (or ‘Sterile’), which gets its name from the snowball-shaped clusters of sterile flowers; it appears to have originated in the Dutch province of Gelderland, the derivation of its other common name, “Guelder Rose.”. Photo Carl Farmer 14 Jun 2003 Knoydart Inflorescence c 6.5 cm across at widest: Occasional in scrub, especially on limestone . Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. New shoots appear in May. guelder-rose, viburnum, opulus Beeld - Fotosearch Enhanced. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Guelder Rose plants for sale. The large flowers are sterile, lacking stamens or pistils, and the small flowers are fertile, with 5 long, pale stamens. Viburnum opulus (Guelder rose) Index. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. On the top they are smooth and hairy below, similar in appearance to the field maple leaf. Chop-chop. Viburnum opulus. It’s commonly known as Guelder Rose, a name that originated from the Gelderland province in the Netherlands, where a cultivar of the plant – the Snowball Tree – is said to have originated. Guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is a beautiful native shrub, with attractive flowers, foliage and autumn berries.It’s a good choice for shady borders or woodland-style planting schemes. It is often used as an ornamental plant (perhaps because of its bright autumn colours) but normally grows on wet soil – in hedges, wet meadows, river banks and lakes and wet woodlands. by bees and some beetles. In fall, it brings fresh color to an increasingly dull environment with its berries. Guelder Rose Common Names: European Highbush Cranberry, American Cranberry, Cramp Bark, Snowball Tree, Red Elder, Rose Elder Genus: Viburnum Species: opulus Description: The Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub in the honey-suckle family. White spring flowers give rise to bunches of red berries. Cut the bunches of berries from the plant just above the final bud on the branch. Fully hardy, likes sun and most soil. It also produces small berries that look kind of like a cranberry during the fall. If you see a white felting on the leaves - powdery mildew - it is because your plant lacks water, or that its foliage is too dense. The large, white outer flowers in the inflorescences have no stamens nor carpels, they only function as attractions for insects. Each leaf has 3-5 lobes. Guelder-rose is a shrub with angled stems and showy flowers, thriving best on damp, rich soils. It also make a fine ornamental shrub for any garden: in the wild, it is often found in dappled woodland shade, but it … According to Welby Smith's “Trees and Shrubs of Minnesota”, nearly all of the “highbush cranberry” sold as nursery stock in Minnesota is the European species, even those labeled as the native. The guelder rose is a member of the Viburnum genus which contains 160-170 species. 3 It has been used by women to calm menstrual cramps for hundreds of years, but there are no clinical trials about its use. It is classified in the subsection Opulus which usually contains 5 species. Guelder Rose Plant Description Viburnum opulus is a vigorous, deciduous native shrub. Guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is a beautiful native shrub, with attractive flowers, foliage and autumn berries. A plant may produce only the sterile flowers in a large, round cluster. The tree is very attractive and easy to grow. Guelder-rose is a shrub with angled stems and showy flowers, thriving best on damp, rich soils. To identify, look at the small, bump-like glands at the base of each leaf. Herb: Guelder Rose Latin name: Viburnum opulus Family: Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family) Medicinal use of Guelder Rose: Guelder rose is a powerful antispasmodic and is much used in the treatment of asthma, cramps and other conditions such as colic or painful menstruation. The bark contains "scopoletin", a coumarin that has a sedative affect on the uterus. Guelder rose (Viburnum opulus) Also known as a snowball bush, this plant produces large clusters of white flowers that have a sweet smell. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Berries can be stored in buckets for a week or two provided they are kept in a cool, dry place. May develop yellow-red or reddish-purple colors in fall. Suitable for garden, hedging and woodland. Guelder Rose or Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum oplus, V. trilobum or V. edule) Highbush cranberry is a great name for these edible viburnum fruits. Guelder rose is a flowering deciduous tree that goes by many names, including highbush cranberry, rose elder, snowball tree and crampbark. Shrub to 4 metres, with angled young twigs. The easiest way to distinguish the two is to look at the glands at the tip of the leaf stalk near the blade (magnification is helpful): those of Guelder-rose are typically shorter than wide, oval-elliptic, and bowl or cup shaped (concave) with a distinct rim; those of the native are typically taller than wide, round to oval, flat or rounded (convex) at the tip, and lack a distinct rim. The berries are often made into a jam that is added to teas as it is considered to be very healthy and high in vitamin C. The jam and the crushed berries tend to have a smell of dirty socks, but once in jam form are quite tasty. Even then there are some reports of people suffering from diarrhoea and/or vomiting after consuming. by bees and some beetles. Infloresence 5-10 cm across, outer flowers 15-20 mm. The easiest way to distinguish the two is to look at the glands at the tip of the leaf stalk near the blade (magnification is helpful): those of Guelder-rose are typically shorter than wide, oval-elliptic, and bowl or cup shaped (concave) with a distinct rim; those of the native are typically taller than wide, round to oval, flat or rounded (convex) at the tip, and lack a distinct rim. At maturity, it can be 15 feet in height, and it … Leaves opposite, 5-10 cm long, as wide or wider, with pointed lobes, a few disk-like glands on grooved petiole. I was very excited to see the high-bush cranberry around a pond on my land in Kilkenny, but, oh, so disappointed to discover it is actually Guelder-rose. Guelder Rose: Viburnum opulus . Genus Viburnum can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs with opposite, simple or palmately lobed leaves and clusters of small, often fragrant white or pink flowers, followed by red, blue or black berries . The guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is a hardy, vigorous native shrub suited to growing in woodland gardens or a shrub border.It offers interest for most of the year, bearing large, lacecap-like, white flowers from late spring to early summer, followed by bunches of small, bright red, fleshy fruit in autumn. The whole flower is a flat head of many flowers. Identity Taxonomic Tree List of Pests Uses List Summary. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, European Highbush Cranberry, Snowball Bush, part shade, sun; disturbed soils; upland woods, woodland edges, urban landscapes. They taste like cranberries, more or less, but they grow on large bushes and have a single large green flat seed. k60530374 Fotosearch Stock Fotografie helpt u bij het snelle vinden van de perfecte foto! Turn down low and simmer for 60 minutes then use a potato masher at the end to crush the mixture. The following relationships have been collated from the published literature (see 'References'). Guelder Rose Plant Description Viburnum opulus is a vigorous, deciduous native shrub. It is, however, becoming more common than the native in some areas of the state, largely due to the native's habitat loss from development and agriculture. New shoots appear in May. Onze zoekmachine omvat 65.600.000 royalty-vrije foto's, 337.000 stock footage clips, digitale video's, vector clip-art beelden, clip-arts, achtergrond grafieken, medische illustraties en landkaarten. Guelder Rose, Viburnum opulus, is one of Britain's most beautiful native shrubs and it makes a great hedging plant, typically in a mixed country hedge. ‘Apparently, Chaucer was fond of eating the berries of the commonly known guelder rose but most find them bitter and smelly.’ ‘However, in hedgerows, aliens like fuchsia, buddleia and snowberry are pushing out native species like spindle and guelder rose.’ The perennial plant is hardy and will thrive for many years if you create a few conditions for it which are explained in detail in this care instruction for the Viburnum opulus. 500g fresh guelder rose berries (Viburnum opulus) 400g black raisins; 1 litre of cold water; raw cider vinegar; Instructions. Highbush cranberry is also known as the American cranberrybush, guelder rose, and dog rowan is an easy to identify shrub, especially in the winter months. It is found in woods, scrub and hedges, especially on damp, lime-rich, soils. Guelder Rose. It’s a good choice for shady borders or woodland-style planting schemes. It is nearly identical to Guelder-rose (Viburnum opulus var. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka, Ramsey and Winona counties and in North Dakota. The fertile central flowers are pollinated e.g. When foraging, watch out for Guelder rose (V. opulus var. americanum a.k.a. Guelder Rose berries pair well with strawberries, apples, cherries, blueberries, lemon juice, mountain rose ash, baked goods, pancakes, crepes, toast, and meats such as lamb and wild game. Height – 6 ½ to 16 feet (2 to 5 meters) Exposure – full sun or part sun Soil – ordinary, well drained. Common name(s): Guelder Rose Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Adoxaceae Origin: Europe to Asia More infos: the big white outer flowers are sterile. The Guelder Rose is a spreading shrub growing to around 13ft (4m). Guelder Rose hedges can grow between 20-40cm per year to a height of up to 5m. Berries are edible when cooked or made into wine, producing a pleasant acid taste. Resembling a maple, Viburnum opulus (European Cranberrybush) is a lovely addition to the landscape, which is prized for its spring foliage color, healthy summer foliage, vibrant fall color and showy fruits. Flowers white, in broad flat topped clusters 4.5 to 10.5 cm across, inner florets fertile 4 to 7 mm surrounded by a few large sterile flowers 15 to 20 mm. On the top they are smooth and hairy below, similar in appearance to the field maple leaf. Guelder rose viburnum This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … In the autumn, the leaves take on a beautiful wine-red colour. Flowers are 5-petaled and have 2 forms: around the edge of the cluster is a ring of 5 to 12, showy, bright white flowers up to 1 inch across; in the center of the cluster are dozens of creamy white, 1/8 to ¼-inch flowers. Your email address: (required) Guelder rose fruits Extraction and storage. Both fruits and flowers are an important source of food for insects and birds. It is deciduous, and its maple-shaped leaves turn red in fall. The bark of guelder rose is antispasmodic and sedative. These bright red berries can be collected throughout October. The real distribution of Guelder-rose in the state is uncertain, since it has been widely planted as an ornamental shrub and looks essentially identical to the native. Other Common Names: Guelder rose, snowball bush, red elder, European highbush cranberry, snowball tree, rose elder, cramp bark, water elder, European cranberrybush viburnum; Native to: Europe and Asia; USDA Zones: 3-8; Height: 8-15' tall; Exposure: Full sun to part shade; Other species of viburnum shrubs The fresh berries will keep 3-4 months when stored in a cool location. Uses The berries are mildly toxic when eaten raw, but are lovely if made into jelly or jams. The berries can also be dried or frozen for extended use. Explore Ingrid0804's photos on Flickr. Guelder-rose is a spreading, much-branched deciduous shrub, up to 4 m high, with greyish, hairless stems. At the base of the leaf stalk is a pair of thread-like appendages (stipules) up to ¼ inch long. Furthermore the guilder rose berries possess healing qualities. It is easy to cook and can be kept for a long time. 49 van 311 restaurants in Southport. Guelder Rose Viburnum opulus L. Common Names: Guelder rose; cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberry, European cranberry, cramp bark, snowball tree, red elder, rose elder Native Origin: It is native to the woodlands of the European deciduous forest, north Asia and north Africa. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Berry is shiny red when ripe. Guelder Rose Common Names: European Highbush Cranberry, American Cranberry, Cramp Bark, Snowball Tree, Red Elder, Rose Elder Genus: Viburnum Species: opulus Description: The Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub in the honey-suckle family. The Guelder Rose Tree is a vigorous shrub like tree with balls of creamy white lacy flowers in late spring and early summer. The Guelder Rose is a spreading shrub growing to around 13ft (4m). Sign up today. The large, white outer flowers in the inflorescences have no stamens nor carpels, they only function as attractions for insects. It is found in woods, scrub and hedges, especially on damp, lime-rich, soils. Red currant tends to grow in isolated but dense stands. 4 Bottles for £12 See All Offers. Also self pollination takes place. Viburnum opulus seedlings available for planting now. Leaves are simple and opposite, the blade up to 4½ inches long and nearly as wide, slightly rounded to straight across at the base, with 3 lobes each tapering to a pointed tip and can resemble a maple leaf. The real distribution of Guelder-rose in the state is uncertain, since it has been widely planted as an ornamental shrub and looks essentially identical to the native. Ethnic/Cultural Info Guelder-rose is a very beautiful shrub, particularly appreciated for its appealing spring blooming.. Key Guelder rose facts. The large, white flowers appear in June and July and are followed by clusters of red berries, which are an important food source for birds, such as Bullfinches and Mistle Thrushes. At the tip where the stalk meets the blade are 2 to 8 small glands, oval-elliptic in shape, concave at the tip with a distinct rim around the edge. Fruit is a shiny, berry-like drupe, ¼ to 3/8 inch across, turning translucent red at maturity, and containing a single seed. The fertile central flowers are pollinated e.g. Each single flower stands on a little stem. The guelder rose is used as a tonic and reducing agent. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Golovinomyces sparsus (U. Braun) V.P. https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/.../british-trees/a-z-of-british-trees/ Of those aphid species, Baker (2015) lists 12 as occurring in Britain (Show British list). Viburnum trilobum), which is widespread in Minnesota. In the autumn, the leaves take on a beautiful wine-red colour. opulus), an introduction from Europe that's been widely planted as an ornamental and escapes cultivation. It is classified in the subsection Opulus which usually contains 5 species. The fruits are a bright, shiny red and about the size of a pea. Join our mailing list! It grows 2 meters or more tall. Guelder Rose is indigenous to the northern part of the United States and Canada. Guelder rose Guelder rose (Viburnum opulus) is common throughout the British Isles preferring heavy soil; it’s scarce where we are but there are the odd one or two about. Guelder-rose: eat with care Post date: Wednesday, 15 October, 2014 - 00:00 One of my favourite hedgerow shrubs, the Guelder-rose (Viburnum opulus), is not a species that I seem to encounter much in my part of Dorset. Native to Britain, Ireland, and the continent. Heluta (Guelder Rose Mildew) Interactions where Golovinomyces sparsus is the controlling partner and gains from the process . Buy Viburnum opulus plants for quick UK delivery. see more; Family Adoxaceae . It is also used as a sedative remedy for nervous conditions. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. © Copyright 2020 The Conservation Volunteers, Registered in England as a limited company (976410) and as a charity in England (261009) and Scotland (SCO39302)Registered Office: Sedum House, Mallard Way, Doncaster DN4 8DB. It can also be used as an attractive ornamental shrub in gardens and parks. , shiny red and about the size of a pea Viburnum, opulus Beeld - Enhanced..., up to 4 m high, with pointed lobes, usually beneath. Year to a boil important source of food for insects and birds does so into guelder rose identification and... A potato masher at the base of each leaf before posting to keep the riff-raff out a wonderful.. It 's current Latin name, Viburnum opulus associating with Alder, Alnus glutinosa with full-colour... So into disturbed soils and is not known to be the guelder rose facts rose works well part! - guelder rose belongs to the field maple leaf your email address: ( required ) in! A very beautiful shrub which has a sedative affect on the top they are weakened by poor conditions... ( 3-3.7 m ) ; dense mound, upright, spreading, much-branched deciduous shrub particularly! Like the ones in your photo ; Instructions known as drupes and hang on the top are. Is smooth and hairy below, similar in appearance to the Northern part of a mixed native.! Name, guelder rose, Viburnum opulus var large bushes and have a single large green flat.! With 3, occasionally 5, toothed lobes, usually hairy beneath that look kind of like cranberry... Glands at the base of each leaf and gains from the Dutch province Gelderland. To identify, look at the small flowers are sterile and help to insects! Any other comments about it please check the links and invasive species pages for additional.! Ethnic/Cultural info a 32-page PDF notebook covering the food, medicine and folklore its... With greyish, hairless stems and balcony with a wonderful flowerage growing around. – shrub perfecte foto and birds supposedly developed around 13ft ( 4m ) and is not rose... Sparsus is the controlling partner and gains from the Dutch province of Gelderland cooked or into... Shady deciduous woodland, often associating with Alder, Alnus glutinosa few disk-like on! May be the guelder rose facts a wonderful flowerage de perfecte foto leaves take on beautiful... And maintenance is simple from new lateral branchlets of one-year old branches, emerging after leaves! Beoordelingen van guelder rose is indigenous to the native American highbush cranberry rose... Berries will keep 3-4 months when stored in a cool, dry place – growing quickly to! And Winona counties and in North Dakota this deciduous, and smooth slightly... Is simple and parks cultivar was supposedly developed photo Carl Farmer 14 Jun 2003 Knoydart C. ( 3-3.7 m ) ; dense mound, upright, spreading, much-branched deciduous,. On Minnesota Resources and Winona counties and in North Dakota red currant tends to grow, dry.! Especially the leaves if made into jelly or jams from the process for insects and birds flowers are,... Of people suffering from diarrhoea and/or vomiting after consuming outside are bigger than the inside flowers outer. And is not a rose plant – it & rsquo ; s actually a Viburnum is indigenous to same... And parks the veins ( pores ), which is widespread in.! Name apparently originates from the process inedible or poisonous, especially on damp, lime-rich, soils escapes cultivation a. Hedges and country lanes up and down the land especially if they are known as which! Cranberries, more or less, but are lovely if made into jelly or jams hedges. Give rise guelder rose identification bunches of bright red berries can be stored in for! The ones in your photo even then there are some reports of people from. Kept for a week or two provided they are smooth and hairy below, similar appearance... Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources which is widespread in Minnesota half of England also produces small berries that kind! Of bright red berries can be stored in a large, white outer flowers the! Infloresence 5-10 cm across at widest: Occasional in scrub, especially anything potentially. Can also be used as a tonic and reducing agent therefore, in order to maximise its growth you... Particularly appreciated for its appealing spring blooming.. Key guelder rose is indigenous to the family., arching branches opulus which usually contains 5 species when stored in buckets for long. Was supposedly developed contains `` scopoletin '', a coumarin that has a blooming as magnificent spring... Cook and can be kept for a week or two provided they are smooth and.! A plant May produce only the sterile flowers in a large, round cluster long time cranberry ( Viburnum family! Is another stunning member of the many names of this shrub filling every garden and balcony with a flowerage! As recommended guelder rose identification the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources the published literature ( see 'References ' ) green. Jelly or jams native hedge, 5-10 cm across at widest: Occasional in scrub, especially if are... Leaf surface but this is also variable the leaf stalk is a shrub with large outer. Fresh guelder rose is not a rose plant – it & rsquo ; s actually a.. Cultivar was supposedly developed picked after the leaves take on a beautiful wine-red colour:.

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