451). therefore. Thus, with regard to euthanasia, Kantian would reject the act of euthanasia s a morally good action based on their reasoning that an action is good only if it acts in accordance with a categorical imperative. How is racism depicted in 'Life for a Life' by Alan Paton. According to Utilitarianism, euthanasia can be morally justified, whereas according to Kantian, euthanasia is not morally justifiable; but will argue that neither position provides an adage Tate resolution to the issue, due to the significant flaws that are inherent in the reasoning that led to their particular positions. Aside from the cultural and religious aspects on dying, Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics discuss how we, as humans, should pursue our lives. 451). Euthanasia and Kantian Ethics Immanuel Kant was a philosopher who believed in a particular way of approaching ethics. Bentham's theory states that when faced with an ethical dilemma, you should decide what is morally right or wrong depending on what has the best consequences for the maximum amount of people. A utilitarian perspective is the foil to a Kantian viewpoint, as intent has no bearing on a decision, while the net outcome is the determining factor for whether something is right or wrong. Based on these ideas, Kantian propose that an action is good only if it performed out a ‘good will’; which is the only thing that is good, in and of itself. Hence, based on an understanding of human experience Utilitarianism proposes that the ultimate end of every human action is simply pleasure, and the absence of pain. Mill is one of the philosophers who described the moral theory of utilitarianism, an ethical view that can help an individual in making decisions. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure” (Mill, 7). In additions I would be discussing arguments for and against voluntary active euthanasia. According to Kant, we should look at our maxims, or intentions, of the particular action. Essays: Euthanasia: Kantianism vs Utilitarianism. (2018, Feb 01). Tannsjo is correct to observe that the same philosophical starting points can be used to arrive at very different outlooks. A utilitarian argument against euthanasia. Utilitarianism says that what defines right or wrong is the greatest happiness of the greatest number of people by maximizing benefits or at least reducing suffering. Immanuel Kant focuses on actions and labels an action morally right if … Voluntary euthanasia is defined as “the practice of ending a … Thus, in the context of the case mentioned in the introduction, the Utilitarian position on euthanasia would go something as follows: With respect to the individual who is willing to die, he/she would simply be happiest dead, and unhappiest alive. Initially, fast reading without taking notes and underlines should be done. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Deliberately killing another person is presumed by most rational people as a fundamental evil act. Therefore, since euthanasia meets the moral tankards set by Utilitarianism, it would support the act of euthanasia as a morally sound action. 451). It is a consequentialist ethic. Euthanasia: Kantianism vs Utilitarianism. it would back up the act of mercy killing as a morally sound action.Unlike Utilitarianism nevertheless. Kantianism and Utilitarianism Euthanasia is one of the issues that different philosophers have discussed in length. According to Utilitarianism, euthanasia can be morally justified, whereas according to Kantianism, euthanasia is not morally justifiable; but I will argue that neither position provides an adequate resolution to the issue, due to the significant flaws that are inherent in … Let us look at the issue of euthanasia being admissible in a utilitarian framework. Thus, under the utilitarian system, keeping the person alive in this scenario would have been the morally justified act, whereas killing the person would not have been. This can be illustrated in the most common case of euthanasia, where the person who is ailing to die suffers from an illness that causes great pain, and will result in his or her demise in the not-so-distant future. your own paper. Kantian vs. Utilitarian Ethics of Euthanasia... Euthanasia is often considered a moral issue. Act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world.”As somebody who believes in god and with Kant’s ideas, I agree with this quote because Kantian ethics are usually spoken of in terms of duty and doing the right thing, Kant himself thought that … According to Kant there is only one categorical imperative, which is to “act only on that maxim in which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal (Kant, 528); and can also be formulated as “act in such a way tattoo always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as means, but always at the same time as an end” (Kant, 532). Essay by epsilon, April 2004 . Kantians believe “human life is valuable because humans are the bearers of rational life” (O’Neill 414). Also, inspired by his/her new life, the individual went on to form a charity that raised money for research in pain treatment, thereby increasing the happiness for a great many. Euthanasia related to Kantianism and Utilitarianism. According to Kant, we should look at our maxims, or intentions, of the particular action. • Utilitarianism says that an act is justified if maximum numbers of people are deriving happiness out of it. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. • Utilitarianism says that an act is justified if maximum numbers of people are deriving happiness out of … Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia is a controversial topic that brings up many ethical issues and the rights of the patients the physicians serve. You can get your custom paper from independent of experience. Euthanasia denotes any action that terminates the life of an individual in intense and debilitating medical state. Utilitarianism states that what makes an action right is that it produces the greatest amount of happiness (not just your happiness, but others as well). Finally, Utilitarianism asserts that an action is good only if it promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people. Finally, the categorical imperative is an unconditional ought, which means that an action must be performed solely out of duty to the categorical imperative, without any ulterior motive, in order for it to be a moral action. • Attitude towards what is right or wrong is what constitutes the basic difference between utilitarianism and Kantianism. Help, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. To effectively make these STEP 2: Reading The Euthanasia Kantianism Vs Utilitarianism Harvard Case Study: To have a complete understanding of the case, one should focus on case reading. With Utilitarianism, the significant flaw in their position lies in the fact that it is built on the false assumption that the consequences of actions can be predicted, when in actuality they cannot. Utilitarianism is an ethical approach that attempts to maximise A probable Kantian attitude towards euthanasia, apart from the analogy with suicide, can be derived from Kant’s vie ws on deliberate murder and punishment, i.e. In fact, killing the person would seem to be the most humane act one can perform, and in not killing the person, and keeping him/her alive in such a state of pain and agony, would be like an indirect form of torture; which in Kantian is not a moral act. I am preparing for an in-class debate to discuss the morals of the Euthanasia. 451). This simply means that the end justifies means. Taking the categorical imperative in terms of being able to act In ways that can, without contradiction, become a universal law, if one were to universalism killing another person – which is the fundamental act in euthanasia – this would result in a practical contradiction. This can be illustrated in the most common case of euthanasia, where the person who is willing to die suffers from an illness that causes great pain, and will result in his or her demise in the not-so-distant future. Get Your Custom Essay on, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree on the, The doctrine of utilitarianism articulated by jeremy bentham argued that governments should, Compare And Contrast Utilitarianism With Kant MID TERM, https://graduateway.com/euthanasia-kantianism-vs-utilitarianism-essay/, Get your custom The deliberate act of ending another's life, given his or her consent, is formally referred to as euthanasia… Euthanasia: Kantianism vs Utilitarianism Essay Sample The deliberate act of ending another’s life, given his or her consent, is formally referred to as euthanasia. Topics: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics Pages: 5 (1611 words) Published: April 9, 2004. Two most famous ethicists are John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) and Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), utilitarianism is, “a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned” (pp. Nonetheless, Kant would consider it the wrong choice for the same reasons as those relating to an actively perpetrated suicide. the death penalty. Essay, Ask Writer For In case you can’t find a sample example, our professional writers are ready to help you with writing Voluntary euthanasia is justifiable when the action leads to the happiness of the individual and society. Also, if one were to formulate the categorical imperative in terms of treating others (including oneself) as ends rather than means, euthanasia would violate the categorical imperative, in that the person is treated as a means by killing himself, to reach the end goal of eliminating the pain. Logistics management - Evaluate the logistics operations carried out within the company highlighting the problems encountered. I'm in Canada and the debate has been started again by the government. It is unreasonable, and bordering on foolish, to claim to adequately resolve special cases of murder such as euthanasia through a simple, general statement without taking into consideration its context. concept of autonomy in the euthanasia debate and 2) the application of Kantian autonomy to the euthanasia debate is only appropriate in making an argument that advanced directives, made by a present rational self for a future arational self, can legitimately specify conditions under which euthanasia should occur. Voluntary euthanasia is justifiable when the action leads to the happiness of the individual and society. 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