(Theobromine has an LD50 defined as 100mg-200mg/kg BW, this is the amount that has been shown to be lethal in 50% of cases). If your vet thinks your dog has ingested enough chocolate to be poisoned, you might need to induce vomiting. Dark chocolates, baking chocolate, and dry cocoa powder are more dangerous than white or milk chocolate. For dogs, the toxic effects of chocolate depend on two factors: the level of methylxanthines ingested and the size of the dog. Apr 19, 2019 - Question: How Much Chocolate Is Toxic To Dogs? Less than an ounce of dark chocolate may be enough to poison a 44-pound dog. 100 grams of milk chocolate is unlikely to cause more than a digestive upset, whereas just over half that much unsweetened cooking chocolate could have devastating effects. Always provide healthy Science Diet Treats or simply reward your dog with lots of love and attention. Chocolate is toxic to dogs. Dog owners often ask how much chocolate can kill a dog. Early signs of poisoning include: She is also the founder of The Vetitud, a site for veterinary professionals. a large 250g / 9oz block of milk chocolate would be toxic to an 18kg / 40lb dog or lighter. While there is no right or wrong answer to this, we know dogs show symptoms of poisoning when they eat 20mg of theobromine (the toxic chemical in chocolate) for every kilogram they weigh. Let’s suppose her smaller dog ate the entire box — worst-case scenario: And, again, this would be the worst-case scenario — which assumes little piglet dog didn’t share a single bite with big piglet dog. Dr. Smith is a small animal veterinarian with 11 years practicing veterinary medicine. How much Chocolate is too toxic? Peterson, Michael E., DVM, and Patricia A. Talcott, MS, DVM, PhD, DABVT. The approximate methylxanthine content per ounce of chocolate depends on the type of chocolate: Therefore, a ten-pound dog would need to ingest more than 80 ounces of white chocolate to experience mild to moderate toxicity, but only about 0.2 to 0.3 ounces (about 6 to 9 grams) of baking chocolate. Dog owners usually know that chocolate is poisonous to dogs, but not all understand how much chocolate is toxic and how. Here’s the math: 8 x 58 mg divided by 40 (smaller dog’s weight) is just, Gwaltney-Brant, Sharon M., DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABT. Baking chocolate includes Baker’s Chocolate, Callebaut, Ghirardelli, Guittard, Lindt, Menier, … Knowing how much and what kind of chocolate your dog ate can help you and your vet determine if you have an emergency. Symptoms will worsen up until about 100mg/kg BW, which is considered a lethal dose. This should be used as a general guideline and not in place of your veterinarian's advice. White chocolate contains minimal amounts of the toxic compounds, milk chocolate has moderate levels and dark or bittersweet chocolate has the most. Size matters. The main toxic element of chocolate or cocoa is theobromine, a naturally occurring chemical that is contained in all chocolate, with dark chocolate containing more of it than milk or white chocolate. White chocolate has an insignificant amount of theobromine, but ingestion can still cause issues like pancreatitis. It all depends on the type and size of the dog, the type and amount of chocolate. For severe signs it can soar to 18 mg per pound. Also, the darker the chocolate, the more toxic it is. For severe signs it can soar to 18 mg per pound. How much chocolate is toxic to dogs? In addition, if your dog has ingested a toxic amount of chocolate, additional treatment including intravenous fluids, administration of activated charcoal, and administration of medications to control symptoms such as vomiting, tremors, and elevated heart rate and blood pressure may also be needed. Dark chocolates, baking chocolate, and dry cocoa powder are more dangerous than white or milk chocolate. Approximately one pound of milk chocolate is poisonous to a 20-pound dog; one-half pound for a 10-pound dog. is Chocolate really that toxic to your dog, and do you need to worry? Baking chocolate and gourmet dark chocolate are highly concentrated and contain 130-450 mg of theobromine per ounce, while common milk chocolate only contains about 44-58 mg/ounce. When the amount of theobromine in a dog’s system is higher than 20mg/kg BW symptoms of chocolate poisoning will develop. Dark chocolate is a different story though. This chocolate toxicity calculator can help you quickly determine whether or not your dog has eaten enough chocolate to suffer toxic effects. The component in chocolate that is toxic to dogs is called theobromine. From our study, we found that the average chocolate bar found in the market contains 2/3 ounces of milk chocolate. Higher quality chocolates contain a higher percentage of cacao. As a responsible dog owner, it's important to understand what amount of chocolate is dangerous and proper treatment if your dog eats too much chocolate. The Effect of Chocolate Type on Toxicity: The Two Beagles and the Sampler Box The Case While their owner was at work, two beagles got into a sampler box containing different types of chocolate pieces. The darker and more bitter the chocolate, the more dangerous it is to dogs. Throwing up Clear Liquid very sick after eating just a bite of baking chocolate ’... 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