Other architects, such as Peter Eisenman of the New York Five, advocated the pursuit of form for the sake of form and drew on semiotics theory for support. Attempts were made to produce electric cars, but they were largely unsuccessful. In non-fiction, several books related to Nixon and the Watergate scandal topped the best-selling lists. 1970s UK television featured a mix of traditional and more modern comedy. He was 91. There was also the 1973–74 stock market crash. It'll be a golden age for music and movies, but the decade has a dark side too. It's an eclectic year for music, from rock to R&B. American and Soviet intelligence agencies gave funding, training, and material support to insurgent groups, governments, and armies across the globe, each seeking to gain a geopolitical advantage and install friendly governments. European car design underwent major changes during the 1970s due to the need for performance with high fuel efficiency—designs such as the Volkswagen Golf and Passat, BMW 3, 5, and 7 series, and Mercedes-Benz S-Class appeared at the latter half of the decade. 1970s Facts 44. 1970s. Punk bands included The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones, The Talking Heads, and more. By then, however, they had already begun Salyut, the world's first space station program, which began in 1971. As part of détente, the US also restored ties with the People's Republic of China, partially as a counterweight against Soviet expansionism. Here, Robin Williams performs at his Off The Wall HBO special in 1978. You're not alone. The oil shock increased East European, particularly Soviet, exports, but a growing inability to increase agricultural output caused growing concern to the governments of the COMECON block, and a growing dependence on food imported from democratic nations. Francis Ford Coppola's epic adaptation of The Godfather premieres on March 15. Irreverence and satire, typified in Kurt Vonnegut's Breakfast of Champions, were common literary elements. 1970 Dodge Challenger Trans Am, example of muscle cars in the earlier part of the decade. In 1978, electrical workers in Mexico City found the remains of the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan in the middle of the city. By the 1970s, crime and blighted urban areas were a serious cause of concern, New York City being particularly affected. Four were fatally shot. Coups, civil wars, and terrorism went on across Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and also in Europe where a spate of Soviet-backed Marxist terrorist groups were active throughout the decade. Four students were killed and nine injured. The realization that oil reserves were not endless and technological development was not sustainable[citation needed] without potentially harming the environment ended the belief in limitless progress that had existed since the 19th century. Saturday Night Fever (1977) single-handedly touched off disco mania in the U.S. In the bleak political backdrop, these larger that life British bands and characters brought a welcome relief with their platform boots , sequins , nail varnish and colourful hair . Mark Spitz was the superstar of the decade, however, with seven gold medals in the 1972 Summer Olympics. Similarly, the gay movement made a huge step forward in the 1970s with the election of political figures such as Harvey Milk to public office and the advocating of anti-gay discrimination legislation passed and not passed during the decade. Old standbys such as The Ed Sullivan Show and The Red Skelton Show were canceled and replaced by hipper programming like Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour and Donny & Marie. Asian cinema of the 1970s catered to the rising middle class fantasies and struggles. A Philips N1500 video cassette recorder, with wooden cabinet. [24] Top-grossing Jaws (1975) ushered in the blockbuster era of filmmaking, though it was eclipsed two years later by the science-fiction film Star Wars (1977). Less than a month later on October 4, Janis Joplin would also be found dead following an overdose. Japanese vehicles became internationally renowned for their affordability, reliability, and fuel-efficiency, which was very important to many customers after the oil crisis of 1973. The highest-selling album was Pink Floyd's The Dark Side of the Moon (1973). This would have problems of its own, especially the tragic loss of the Soyuz 11 crew in July 1971 and the near-loss of the Soyuz 18a crew during launch in April 1975. Architecture in the 1970s began as a continuation of styles created by such architects as Frank Lloyd Wright and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Paul McCartney The most successful of these include the Soviet Lunokhod program, a series of robotic lunar missions which included the first unmanned sample return from another world, and the American Voyagers, which took advantage of a rare alignment of the outer planets to visit all of them except Pluto by the end of the 1980s. A lot of '70s music equipment is still in use today. In one of the most famous plays in sports history, Pittsburgh Steelers running back Franco Harris makes the "immaculate reception" to help the Steelers beat the Oakland Raiders in the AFC Divisional Game on December 23. See the unusual home once owned by Ringo ». Signs of growing French antipathy towards America were becoming more and more prevalent in the 1970’s. The Carol Burnett Show also ended its historic 11-year run in 1978. Events. [4] Political tensions in Iran exploded with the Iranian Revolution in 1979, which overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty and established an authoritarian Islamic republic under the leadership of the Ayatollah Khomeini. The 1970s witnessed an explosion in the understanding of solid-state physics, driven by the development of the integrated circuit, and the laser. The birth of modern computing was in the 1970s, which saw the development of: The first scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) is introduced. Browse historical events, famous birthdays and notable deaths from Dec 6, 1970 or search by date, day or keyword. Share. 1979 - Coup in El Salvador, President General Carlos Humberto Romero, was overthrown by junior ranked officers, that formed a Junta government, which lead the beginning of a 12-year civil war. Economically, the 1970s were marked by the energy crisis which peaked in 1973 and 1979 (see 1973 oil crisis and 1979 oil crisis). But like a lot of artificial concepts—money, say—the category does take on a reality of its own once people figure out how to put it to work. The role of women in society was profoundly altered with growing feminism across the world and with the presence and rise of a significant number of women as heads of state outside monarchies and heads of government in a number of countries across the world during the 1970s, many being the first women to hold such positions. In Germany, Manfred Eicher started the ECM label, which quickly made a name for "chamber jazz". Other common global ethos of the 1970s world included increasingly flexible and varied gender roles for women in industrialized societies. Albeit, inflation and wage growth were much higher in the 1970s than now - with full-time weekly earnings rising 29.5 per cent between 1974 and 75. This is Rich Kleinfeldt. Here are 44 throwback facts about the 1970s. Eighty-thousand people attended the funeral ceremony at the Olympic Stadium of Munich. In addition to the deaths in the 1970s, breakups of bands and duos; such as the Beatles, Simon and Garfunkel, Creedence Clearwater Revival, the Everly Brothers, and others; occurred over the course of the decade. Gene Wilder shines as Willy Wonka in the new movie Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, which premieres June 30. In 1974, Louis Kahn's last and arguably most famous building, the National Assembly Building of Dhaka, Bangladesh, was completed. These startling 1970s New York photos reveal a city undergoing an unparalleled transformation fueled by economic collapse and rampant crime. The oil shocks of 1973 and 1979added to the existing ailments and conjured high inflation throughout much of the world for th… Despite facing an oil crisis due to the OPEC embargo, the economy of Japan witnessed a large boom in this period, overtaking the economy of West Germany to become the second-largest in the world. In addition, the Supreme Court's 1973 decision of Roe v. Wade, which constitutionalized the right to an abortion, brought the women's rights movement into the national political spotlight. Shows featuring African-Americans as main characters, such as Sanford and Son, Maude, The Jeffersons, Good Times, and What's Happening!! The Exorcist (1973) was a box office success for the horror genre, inspiring many other so-called "devil (Satan)" films like The Omen and both of their own sequels. Television still had its medical shows of the 1970s, however, Emergency! Many advertising trends of the 1970s also reflected this growing social consciousness trend, such as with Coca-Cola's "Give the World a Coke" and McDonalds "You Deserve a Break" campaigns.[26]. The fields of generative linguistics and cognitive psychology went through a renewed vigor with symbolic modeling of semantic knowledge while the final devastation of the long-standing tradition of behaviorism came about through the severe criticism of B. F. Skinner's work in 1971 by the cognitive scientist Noam Chomsky. 1973 - The discovery that created modern biotechnology Paul McCartney announced that the Beatles had broken up. [29] Organized disc sports, in the 1970s, began with promotional efforts from Wham-O and Irwin Toy (Canada), a few tournaments and professionals using frisbee show tours to perform at universities, fairs and sporting events. By 1979, the company was near bankruptcy, and under its new president Lee Iacocca (who had been fired from Ford the year before), asked for a government bailout. Martial arts film reached the peak of its popularity largely in part due to its greatest icon, Bruce Lee. Diana Ross and the Supremes perform their last concert on January 14 in Las Vegas, before Ross's departure to embark on a solo career. Major conflict between capitalist and communist forces in multiple countries, while attempts are made by the Soviet Union and the United States to lessen the chance for conflict, such as both countries endorsing nuclear nonproliferation. On April 17, 1970, the Apollo 13 returned to Earth. Politics changed how we trusted the government. Add the to that the bad economic times and the illegal drug culture, and it was a recipe for disaster. The 70s also saw the rise of a country music subgenre, southern rock, led by the Allman Brothers Band. 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